十面埋伏 Ambush from Ten Sides

十面埋伏 Ambush from Ten Sides

Postby williamchen » Thu Jun 19, 2014 10:36 am

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十面埋伏

《十面埋伏》又名《淮阴平楚》,是一首古代琵琶乐曲,表现的是楚汉相争中以汉军为主观描写垓下之战的情景。与《春江花月夜》并称为琵琶古曲“一文一武”的代表乐曲。

此曲最早出现在明代,名为《楚汉》,流行于嘉靖、万历年间。乐谱最早见于华秋苹著1818年出版的《琵琶谱》收入此曲,名《十面》,共10段,后来的《瀛州古调》名《十面埋伏》流传至今。

全曲分13个段落,可归三部分:第1至第5段为第1部分,第6至第8段为第2部分,第9、10段为第3部分,第11至第13段虽为原谱所,但现代一般奏至第10段止。

列营
吹打
点将
排阵
走队
埋伏
鸡鸣山小战
九里山大战
项王败阵
乌江自刎
衆串凯
诸将争功
得胜回营

Ambush from Ten Sides (Chinese: 十面埋伏; pinyin: shí miàn mái fú) is a classical piece written for the pipa. Ambush is written in the "Wu" or martial style, and is about the circumstances of which General Xiang Yu in 202 BC was defeated by Liu Bang. This is the same subject matter as "The King Doffs His Armor" (霸王卸甲), but is written from a different perspective.

Ambush from Ten Sides is considered a masterpiece in Chinese classical music. The difficulty of the piece ensures that it can be played almost exclusively by virtuosos.

Theme

This is a famous Chinese classical lute music whose composition describes the decisive battle in 202 B.C. at Gaixia (southeast of today's Linbi County, Anhui Province) between the two armies of Chu and Han. This piece gives an overall view of the battle, while "The King Doffs His Armor" focused on Xiang Yu and his defeat. Ambush from Ten Sides provides a vivid depiction, in the form of musical narrative, of the fierce and stirring scenes of the battle and the desolate and solemn scenes of the defeated Xiang Yu, and ends with the triumph of the victor. A wide variety of performance techniques of pipa are brought into full play in this piece that produce a majestic and passionate narrative which is sharp in artistic image, exalting in melody, and ultimately thrilling.
Origin

An early treatment of this theme was a piece called "Chu Han" (楚漢) from the late Ming/early Qing period, described in a work by Wang Youding (王猷定, 1598-1662), Sizhao Tangji (四照堂集). It was noted as a particularly outstanding virtuoso performance by Tang Yingceng (湯應曾), and it is possible that this piece is an early version of "Ambush from Ten Sides".

The actual piece of music with the title "Ambush from Ten Sides" first appeared in 1818 in the collection of lute music scores Nanbei Erpai Miben Pipapu Zhenzhuan (南北二派祕本琵琶譜真傳) compiled by Hua Qiuping from Wuxi.[3] Later there were a variety of different versions in circulation, varying in section divisions but consistent basically in musical content.
Structure

Ambush from All Sides adopts the form of large-scale traditional Chinese formula-based music. The currently popular music piece consists of a number of short sections, each with a generalized title. Different versions exist, and they may not all share the same sections.

The beginning sections of the music focus on the description of the mighty and grand battle array of the Han Army. The music in these sections is high-spirited and powerful, accompanied by the sounds of drums and horns. The beat of drums quickened gradually to create a tense explosive atmosphere before the breakout of the full-scale battles. Then comes the main body of the music, which is changeable and rapid. The techniques of flipping, sweeping, circular fingering, wringing, rolling, and halting are employed to represent the furious battle between the armies of Chu and Han. The later sections of the music depict Xiang Yu's suicide at Wujiang River after his defeat. The melodies are mournful, solemn and stirring, bring out a strong artistic image of Xiang Yu, the desolation and sadness contrasts sharply with the triumphant climax for the victor.

Today Ambush from All Sides still remains one of the most popular lute music pieces in all kinds of concerts in China.
己欲立则立人,己欲达则达人,己所不欲,勿施于人。
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Re: 十面埋伏 Ambush from Ten Sides

Postby williamchen » Thu Jun 19, 2014 10:36 am

用一个成语来形容:步步惊心
己欲立则立人,己欲达则达人,己所不欲,勿施于人。
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williamchen
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Joined: Sun Apr 27, 2014 6:08 am


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